Ancient History of Aratta-Ukraine: 20,000 BCE – 1000 CE
Ancient History of Aratta-Ukraine: 20,000 BCE – 1000 CE is a book written by Russian author Yuri Shilov. He was born in the Zaporizhia region, Ukraine and graduated from Moscow State University with a doctorate, Ukrainian Academy of Science. His book describes the scientific study of the origins of Indo-Europeans through the eyes of a Slavic ethnic nationalist. Before the Communist took power in Russia, Russian archeologists had been excavating ancient ruins in what is today Ukraine, and Southern Russia. What they discover were ruins of ancient cities of a long lost civilization that existed along the coast of the Black Sea dating as far back to the 20th millenniums BCE. All excavation was shut down after the Communist came to power because such an ancient civilization conflicted with Marxist-Socialist ideology of dialectic materialism. Shilov discloses for the first time in the West the reality of ancient doctrines and their content that were suppressed by the Communists.
As far back as Ancient Greece and even during the Roman Empire, the people of Eastern Europe were regarded as uncivilized and barbarous. It was not because they were heathens, because both the Greeks and the Romans were heathens. It was because they were isolated by geography and the technological advances of the Greco-Roman civilization, which began to transform the Germans, Celts and other agrarian tribal communities, never reached the Slavs. This biased view was strengthened by Byzantium which, having converted to Christianity in CE 330, and they considered the Eastern Slavs (modern Ukrainians, Belarusians and Russians) as backward because they accepted Christianity later than other European nations (CE 988 – 1386), and thus they were allocated the last place in the hierarchy of civilization.
Throughout most of the history of Europe, scholars in the West have ignored or played down the work of Slavic scholars. Even before the Communist revolution in Russia, the work and research of Slavic archeologists was ignored. Bias against the East by the West was fueled by the split between Western Christianity and Eastern Christianity. Acceptance of this viewpoint was sustained until recent times. It was promoted by a Science that rendered service to political doctrines sanctioned by the Church in the West. Ruling authorities forbid scholars to probe deeper into facts that were far older than the slave-holding times. Because Biblical doctrine as to the origin of man dictated that civilization could not be older than six thousand years ago, any evidence that should that civilizations might have existed before the date of 4,000 BCE were ignored.
The author shows that by the end of the 20th century, even the doctrine of historical materialism had been recognized to be a continuation of the biblical policy towards “the Apocalypse.” Of course the ridged political doctrine of dialectic material of Marxist-Leninists rejected the idea that a great civilization could have existed before 4,000 BCE because it would have conflicted with the dialectic of “scientific socialism.”
All human economic behavior had to begin with the hunter-gathers and march progressively through slave economics, through periods of feudalism, capitalism, socialism and towards the bright future of communist utopia. But all heathen religions, especially among those that are classified as Indo-European, all claim that once in the primordial past existed a golden age where man existed in a state closer to the divine and had mastered his environment, but because of corruption, fell from grace.
Ancient Lore and heathen Myths held by heathen priestly orders were ruthlessly destroyed by the Churches in Europe and the Middle East. However, the “world religions” of Semitic origin were powerless to overcome the heathenism” in India, China and Japan which closely preserved their own traditional Lore and Myths. In the 18th century, when the British was slowly assimilating India into the British Empire, they discovered the rich heathen Lore and Myths that the Indian peoples had preserved.
The British began studying Indian Vedas, such as the Rigveda and the epic poems of the Ramayana and the Bhagavad Gita. They discovered that ancient Indian Lore spoke of a great advance civilization those possessed flying machines, great weapons of war and the power to destroy cities with one explosion.
When British scholars discovered that the Sanskrit language, which these text were written in was related to most of the languages spoken in Europe, they realized that the “ancient Aryans” described in the texts, had built this super civilization that existed thousands of years in the past. They wrongly assumed that the great family of Indo-Europeans had originated in India and spread across the Middle East, the Mediterranean Sea, Europe and north and central Asia. But eventually, they discovered the text spoke of a northern homeland from which the Aryans migrated to India. Later scholars began to realize that this northern homeland, which most text as existing in a frozen and icy climate existed somewhere in the region that included Ukraine, Northern Caucasia, and centered around the Black Sea.
Calendar studies show that Vedic doctrines were founded by Brahman priests from the middle of the 5th to the end of the 2nd millennium BCE, long before the Bible had been written. According to Judaic chronology this was even before the world had come into being, yet Vedic doctrines speak of the self-creation of the universe taking place about 4,320 million years ago, corresponding to modem scientific concepts about the formation of the Earth and Solar System.
This brought together a wonderful closeness of the pre-Christian cultures of Europe and India that originated from the migrations of Aryan tribes in mid-2nd millennium BCE, leading researchers to seek the ancestral homeland of the Aryans and thus of the Vedic culture they had created.
All ethno-historical zones across Eurasia have been surveyed with reference to the Vedas but although the scientists were guided by Mankind’s aspiration for a Savior doctrine about the cyclic recurrence of the Golden Age, they were also guided by the political ambitions of national interests and religious competition. Even so, the search gradually narrowed around the Dnipro area of Ukraine.
The State of Aratta was the embodiment of the “Golden Age” and the foundation of the “Indo-Europeans”. This has only been rediscovered since the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. The research into the first known civilization dating as far back as 20,000 BCE was practically unknown in western countries. This book traces its development through the Buh-Dniester and Sursk-Dnipro cultures to its apotheosis, known as the “Trypillian archaeological culture.” Aratta was considered by Sumer as its ancestral homeland, from which it had become separated by “the Deluge” in the mid-6th millennium BCE when the Mediterranean flooded the Black Sea area. That well-trodden road between Aratta and Sumer had become the “steppe Neolithic line of development” along which the community of Aryan tribes developed. The center of Aryan civilization was concentrated along the steppe borders of Aratta. It was here that its Brahmans founded the Vedic culture of Aratta- Aryans that was the core of the “Indo-European language community.”
The formation of the Vedas was principally associated with Kurgans (burial mounds) the prototype of which was Stone Grave (known then as Kur-gal or Kur-an). This was an epithet of the creator-God Enlil who was known there from inscriptions of the 8th – 7th millennia BCE. From him were derived Slavic Lel, Indo-Aryan Lilith and Jewish Eloi. The most ancient Kurgans appeared in the Ukrainian Dnipro area on the expanses of Aryan and Oriana, the coastal arms of Aratta. During the mid-3rd – 2nd millennia BCE, Oriana was a center of considerable migrations between Bharata (India) and Paphlagonia, Troad and elsewhere (Asia Minor). This movement continued from Troad to Etruria (Italy) and to the Adriatic and from there to the Carpathians, Baltic and Pannonia.
According to a 4000 year-old inscription by Sumerian Lu-dingir-Ra: “We migrated to where we are living now thousands of years ago, but they were unable to write down from where because they did not know how to write then. Later on inquisitive scribes and archivists in the royal palace studied the orally transmitted information in an attempt to find out about the past. Our people came to this land from a mountainous country to the northeast. But it is also said that some of them had come via sea from a land called Dilmun in the east. And the reason behind this migration is said to be the onset of an unexplained drought in their warm and rainy country. Great Enlil had some of us ‘darkheads’ settled here. According to rumors and the results of my research as to why we have called ourselves ‘darkheads’ I found out that before our forefathers migrated here, blonde haired and blue eyed people were living next to their country. I cannot visualize a person with blonde hair and blue eyes. And I don’t think it would be nice. I have not seen any person like that in my country”.
Aratta is now recognized as having been the world’s most ancient (known) civilization. It developed in the steppes north of the Black Sea (in modern Ukraine) long before the Sumerian civilization originated, and from there it radiated its culture into India, Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Mediterranean Sea, Western China and across Europe. Relics of Aratta are increasingly identified in Ukraine but it is perhaps most famously recorded in the grottoes of Stone Grave at Kamyana Mohyla, a hill of heaped megalithic sandstone slabs located beside the River Molochna near Melitopol, north of the Azov Sea. The shape of this sand hill is similar to that of kurgans that dot the Pontic-Caspian steppe. In 1889, the Russian archaeologist Nikolay Veselovsky was called upon to explore the enigmatic site and started excavations the following year. As soon as he concluded that the site was a burial mound, excavations were terminated. There was very little scientific exploration of the site during the first third of the 20th century. Unknown to the Sumerian historian, Lu-dingir-Ra, writing was well established in Aratta long before it spread to Sumer. There, at Shu-Nun (the Arattan name of Kamyana Mohyla), as early as 12,000 BCE, priest rulers inscribed a rich petroglyphic library of their law codes, deities, culture and histories that remained unknown until discovered in 1889. Although the petroglyphs at Kamyana Mohyla began to be recognized as proto-Sumerian texts in the 1930s it was not until the 1990s that they began to be deciphered by the brilliant Sumerologist, Anatoly Kifishin. Kamyana Mohyla is a colossal mound of huge sandstone slabs that stand as a sanctuary hill above the flat southern Ukrainian Steppeland. Here, in its multitude of grottoes are Palaeolithic petroglyphs, reflecting the cultural origins of Man’s earliest myths, together with proto-cuneiform characters that have led to this being called the ‘Stone Library’. Whilst many Western texts still refer to Sumer as being the oldest civilization with writing, Ukraine has something far older – something that is truly of global significance.
Only now, following Ukraine’s Declaration of Independence in 1991, is the West beginning to learn that the cradle of civilization lay not in ancient Sumer, as has so commonly been stated, but that the foundations of Indo-European civilization began thousands of years earlier on the steppelands that is now modern Ukraine.
More recently was the discovering of Neolithic ruins, dating back to 11,000 BCE in northern Turkey. The temple is similar to Gobekli Tepe, oldest temple in the world, says archaeologist. An ancient temple estimated to be over 11,000 years old has been found in eastern Turkey. The Ur-Heimat civilization of Aratta was the semi-mythical homeland of the Sumerian civilization. The general implication of the Aratta cycle of myths recorded in cuneiform writing indicates that Aratta played a seminal role in the development of religion in Sumer, as well as in the construction of its cult structures, trade and diplomacy. Contact between these two states was claimed to be of such importance that writing was developed specifically for them.